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False Representation Fraud

While all forms of fraud involve some sort of false representation, this section focuses on scams and swindles.

These types of fraud often occur at a more personal level, as opposed to securities fraud or bank fraud where the victim is a faceless corporation.

If you are facing false representation charges, you can connect with a criminal defense attorney who can explain the laws and charges against you. Simply fill out the free evaluation form on this page of call 877-445-1059 today.

False Representation Defined

Some instances of false representation may not be charged as fraud. Depending on the circumstances and state laws, they might be considered theft, tax evasion or embezzlement. There may also be elements of identity theft involved.

Naturally, the penalties vary widely, depending upon money lost and damages. Convictions typically carry restitution for these, and may include additional fines and jail time. The multiple laws involved and potential penalties are two reasons people charged with any type of fraud seek the help of a criminal defense attorney.


This short word can cover a lot of ground and includes any “cons,” short for confidence games. This includes con games like three card Monte, where a street hustler convinces a passerby to wager on simple card game. What the passerby doesn’t know is that the game is rigged, and the dealer, or con man, will always come out on top.

Thus is the heart of scams. They each make a promise, typically of wealth, along with assurances, or confidences, that the offer is legit. Other well-known scams include:

  • Ponzi schemes: These complicated forms of investment fraud promise big returns from the stock market.
  • Email fraud: Otherwise known as spam, these scams may offer to help get you money from a Nigerian bank or allow you to purchase prescription drugs at low prices.
  • Get-rich-quick schemes: Any investment or “business plan” promising fast riches for little work.

Marriage fraud

Marriage fraud typically occurs in two forms. The first relates to deceit used to initiate marriage for immigration purposes, to secure marriage-based green cards. In fact, government immigration agencies have developed standard questions they pose to anyone suspected of committing marriage fraud. They are looking out for anyone who is falsely representing themselves or pretending to be in love with the purpose of inciting marriage so they may remain in a foreign country.

Marriage fraud may also relate to tax fraud. If anyone claims a false or non-existent spouse as a dependent or deceitfully marries for tax evasion purposes, they could be charged under tax fraud statutes.

For example, if you filed taxes and claimed a false spouse as a dependent to increase your deductions, this could be considered marriage fraud and tax fraud. Likewise, using stolen personal identity information and representing that as your spouse is illegal.


Charlatanism is a fancy word for people using deception to obtain money from customers who think they are getting true services.

Charlatans may advertise having certain skills or powers. They may pose as doctors, healers or fortune tellers, to name a few examples. Their claims cannot be backed up with real results however, and their customers pay for nothing more than a show.

In some cases involving charlatans or professional misrepresentation, laws other than fraud may be involved. Impersonating a doctor, for example, is its own crime in many states. Charlatans may face criminal arrest for their acts, as well as civil lawsuits seeking restitution for lost money or other damages.

Speak to a Defense Attorney about Fraud Charges

Whatever form it may take, fraud is a serious crime. If you have been charged with, or think you have committed, an act of fraud, contact a criminal defense attorney today. To speak with a lawyer near you, simply fill out our free online evaluation form on this page or call, toll free, 877-445-1059.

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The above summary of false representation is by no means all-inclusive and is not legal advice. Laws may have changed since our last update. For the latest information on false representation laws and penalties, speak to a criminal defense attorney in your area.

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